Téma: William Shakespeare + Romeo and Juliet
William Shakespeare is probably the most famous playwright in history. He was born on 23 April 1564 in Stratford – upon – Avon in England. He was one of eight brothers and sisters. His father, John Shakespeare, was a successful businessman. William went to school in Stratford and learnt Latin and Greek, but he didn´t go to university. At the age of fifteen he went straight to work in his father´s business.
When he was eighteen, he met and fell in love with Anne Hathaway. She was eight years older than him. They got married in November 1582, and six months later their daughter Susanna was born. In 1582 they had twins, Hamnet and Judith. Little is known about the following seven years of his life. We only know that he moved to London, leaving Anne and the childrren in Stratford, and they by 1592 he was writing plays and working as an actor.
His plays were very popular and he made a lot of money. In 1597 he bought a big house in Stratford for his family, but he stayed in London for a further thirteen years. He continued to write and act and also bought a theatre. In 1611 he finally retired and moved back to Stratford to live in the house he had bought.
In total, Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets (fourteen – line poems). Some of his love poems are addressed to a married woman, and some of them are addressed to a young man. Nobody knows the identity of these two people.
Shakespeare died in Stratford on his birthday, on 23 April 1616, and was buried in the church where he had been christened 52 years earlier.
Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet by Shakespere is probably the most famous love story in the world. I tis about a boy and a girl who meet and fall in love. Unfortunately, Romeo is a member of the Montague family and Juliet is from the Capulet family. The two families hate each other and often fight. If the parents knew about the love between Romeo and Juliet, they would be furious, so the two teenagers tell nobody. They get married at a secret ceremony and only the priest, Friar Lawrence, is there.
The fight between the two families continued and Romeo kills one of Juliet´s cousins in fight. He has to run away from Verona to another city.
Friar Lawrence wants Romeo and Juliet to be together. He gives Juliet a special potion that will make her sleep for two days. Her family will think she is dead – but in fact she will wake up, leave Verona and join Romeo.
Juliet drinks the potion and falls asleep. However, Romeo doesn´t know about the Friar´s plan. He thinks Juliet is dead. He is so upset that he takes a poison and dies. Later Juliet wakes up, sees that Romeo is dead, and kills herself with Romeo´s knife.