British and American literature – maturitná téma


 Téma: British and American literature

 Predmet: Angličtina

 Zaslal(a): Šárka Chadimová




  1. Prewar literature

William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616)

  • Stratford upon Avon
  • Playwriter, poet, actor
  • Wife – Anna Hathaway, 4 children
  • Left to London -> company Lord Chamberlains´s men -> Theather Globe
  • Comedies, tragedies, historical plays and sonnets
  • Comedies – As you like it, The Winter’s Tale, The Two Gentlemen of Verona,..
  • Tragedies – Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Othelo
  • Historical plays – Richard II., Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI


Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870)

– writer, critical realism

– Oliwer Twist – life of poor boy and society in England in 19th century

– David Copperfield, Little Dorit


  1. Interwar literature

James Joyce (1882 – 1941)

  • novelist, short story writer, and poet
  • Ulysses – extensive experimental novel, one day of jewish publicist Bloom Dublin
  • Dubliners
  • A portrait of the artist as a young man


Virginia Wolf (1882 – 1941)

  • Writer, essayist
  • Her experimental creation affected evolution of modern literature
  • Mrs Dalloway – a fictionalhigh-society woman in post–First World War England
  • Jacob´s room
  • Orlando
  • Night and day


  1. Postwar literature

Joanne Rowling (1965)

  • Novelist, film producer, screenwriter
  • Pseudonym Robert Galbraith
  • Sold more than 480 milion copies
  • Harry Potter (the Philosopher’s stone, the Chamber of Secrets, the Prisoner of Azkaban, the Goblet of Fire, the Order of the Phoenix, the Half-Blood Prince, the Deathley Hallows)
  • Young wizard Harry Potter and his friends Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley, students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardy
  • Related works: Fantastics Beats and Where to Find Them, The Tales of Beedle the Bard


John R. R. Tolkien (1892 – 1973)

  • writer, poet,philologist, and university professor
  • The Lord of the Rings – epic high-fantasy novel
  • The Hobbits – a fictional, diminutive,humanoid race who inhabit the lands of Middle-earth



  1. Prewar literature

Edgar Allan Poe (1809 – 1849)

  • Poet, essayist and the founder of the detective story
  • The Raven – his best poem, students who has lost his love asks, if he will evermeet her again. His doubí are underlined by the raven’s repetition „Nevermore“
  • The Pit and the Pendelum


Mark Twain (1835 – 1910)

  • Famous humorist, journalist and writer
  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huсkleberry Finn – describe the adventures of his boyhood


  1. Interwar literature

Ernest Hemingway (1898 – 1962) 

  • writer, the Lost Generation
  • Nobel prize for literature (1954)
  • The Old Man and the Sea – novel about an old fisherman and Santiago, struggling with a huge marlin
  • For Whom the Bell Tolls


Francis Scott Fitzgerald (1896 – 1940)

  • Writer, novelist and scenarist
  • Speaker of american golden teenagers
  • The Great Gatsby – best novel, the young and mysterious millionaireJay Gatsby and his passion and obsession for the beautiful former debutante Daisy Buchanan.


  1. Postwar literature

William Styron (1925 – 2006)

  • Novelist and essayist
  • Themes about question of faults and conscience
  • Sophie’s choice – psychological novel about problems of nazis concentracion camps and conditions of human life


Dan Brown (1964)

  • Novelist, journalist, writer, teacher
  • Themes of novels are keys, symbols, codes, crypthography or conspiracy theories
  • 52 languages, Three films
  • The Da Vinci Code – bestselling novel
  • Angels and Demons
  • The Lost Symbol
  • Inferno


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