Great Britain – maturitná téma (angličtina) (4)

 

 Téma: Great Britain

 Predmet: Angličtina

 Zaslal(a): Mich283

 

The official name is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The UK including 4 countries — England, Northern Ireland, Scotland  and Wales— The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. There are beautiful lakes f.e. the North West Highlands of Scotland (Loch Ness). In United Kingdom rain almost all year round The flag of the United Kingdom is created from the superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland, it’s the Saint Patrick’s cross and representing Ireland.

 

Royal family

The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy

The Queen is the head of state. She reigns but she doesn’t rule. The contemporary queen is Elizabeth II. The Royal family lives in Buckingham Palace in London. The British Royal family´s surname is Windsor. The Royal family lives in Buckingham Palace in London. The British Royal family´s surname is Windsor. Now is Queen Elizabeth second. Her husband was Philip They have 4 children together. Successor (nástupce) is Prince Charles and his Wife was Princess Diana, who was the most favourite princess in the world, but she died accidentally many years ago

The Parliament is a legislative institution. It resides in The Houses of Parliament. The prime minister is Theresa May. The judiciary is very important too. There are local courts and the Royal Supreme Court in London.

 

Places of interest

Southern England- In Canterbury there is the famous cathedral. Salisbury Plains are famous for a      place called Stonehenge. These are giant stones in a circle. It is about 3000 yo.   Nobody knows why it was build.

Central England- Oxford is old university town. Cambridge it´s university town as well. Those two universities are big rivals

Northern England- In York there is the largest Gothic cathedral. The Lake District is a National Park. There are many lakes. The biggest one is Lake Windermere.

Scotland- Loch Ness is the most famous lake by fame about Loch Ness monster.

 

Sport and culture

Since the middle of the 19th century, more than 10 official sports have been created in the UK United Kingdom is a nation of sport lovers and it is great that so many sports originated here

– Football: Probably the most popular sport created in England

– Curling: curling was invented in Scotland

– Rugby

– Cricket

– Tennis

 

Famous people

William Shakespeare- English national poet William Shakespeare is known all over the world.

Sir Isaac Newton -This man is very often called to as the greatest scientist who ever lived on this planet.

Queen Victoria -She reigned the longest reign in the British history.

Princess Diana – She was most popular princess on the world

JK Rowling- She is the author of the Harry Potter fantasy series

John Lennon – John Lennon was a musician and composer, a founding member of the Beatles.

David Beckham – Beckham is a leading English footballer and a former star of the legendary Manchester United.

And there are many other famous actors, singers, writers and artist in Britain






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