Australia – maturitná téma (angličtina)


 Téma: Australia

 Predmet: Angličtina

 Zaslal(a): terca.jakubova



-the smallest kontinent and the biggest island in the world

-situated between the Pacifik and the Indian Ocean

-two great deserts: the Great Sandy Desert, the Great Victoria Desert

-Ayres rock : the larges piece of rock in the world (335m high)

-two big rivers: Darling, Murray

-lakes: Eyre, Torrens, Gairdner

-highest mountain: Mount Kosciusko (2228 m)

-many different kinds of climate:  tropical, continental, sub-tropical, temperate

-the south-east coast – warm summers and mild Winter

-Australian Alps – has snow almou full year

-The Great Divinig Range



-kangaroo, koala, emu, platypus



-discovered by the Dutch in the 17th century

-James Cook explored the coasts of the island in 1770

-the settlement began in 1788

-first inhabitans =Australian Aborigines à lived as hunters using boomerangs for hunting à many of them died or lived in government reserves

-first colonist usually bought some sheep, hired a few men and buildt a house in thein landàthese early farmers were called squatters. In the sekond half of the 19th century many of them became rich and their farms were patrolled

–  in Australan English a lot of words are made by shortening everyday words

-size is 8 mil square kilometres and 17 mil of inhabitans

-sheep and cattle farmeres live on isolated farms called stations

-the farmers don´t often go to torsàthey contact thein friends, partners and shopkeepers by means of radio


Political system

-indetendent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations

-the head is a British monarch represented by the Governon-Generak

-consist of six states and two territoriesà each state has own government and capital city

-official name is the Commonwealth of Australia

-established in 1901

-federal parliment is consist of the Senate and the House of Representatives



-rich country: iron ore, oil, natural gas, coal, gold, silver

-producer of pool

-export is wheat, beef, muttom, minerals


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