USA – maturitná téma (angličtina) (5)

 

 Téma: The USA

 Predmet: Angličtina

 Zaslal(a): bvlach

 

History:

The North American continent has been inhabited for 35 000 years. The first people probably migrated from Siberia to America across the Bering Straight. When Christopher Columbus landed in 1492 on an island in the Caribbean, he believed that he is in India and named the natives Indians. The new era of colonization started. The continent is named after Amerigo Vespucci, explorer, who made many voyages to South America. By the end

of 17th century,the Spanish,French,Dutch and English started their settlements in North America. The original British settlers were called Pilgrims. The original Native Americans suffered greatly. In 1775 there was War for Independence. The leaders of America were George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. On 4th of July ,1776 the colonists declared their Independence from Britain. George Washington became the first president of the United States of America. Economic and political differences grew between the Northern and Southern states. That created Civil War. The North was victorious and slavery ended.

But black was still segregated in society until Civil Right movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. United States of America grew as a world power.

 

Symbols:

“The Star-Spangled Banner” is the national anthem of the United States.

The flag of the United States represents the freedom of the United States of America.

The flag of the US  has 7 red stripes and 6 white stripes. These 13 stripes represent the original thirteen colonies. The flag also has a blue canton. The canton has fifty white stars. They represent the 50 states of the United States of America.

 

Culture:

USA is known for their economic and military strength. American culture has spread across the globe through its popular films,music and commercial products as Coca Cola, McDonald´s and Levi jeans.

 

Food:

American food is ethnic food that was brought to the US by immigrants,such as Italians,Mexicans and Greeks. Americans love to eat out. Italian food is very popular. Pizza is served with choice of three different crusts and for toppings you can get anything you want. Mexican food is also common. When you go to restaurants the waiter brings you a bowl of tortilla chips and salsa, free of charge. And there are of course hamburgers. They served hamburgers with French fries or onion rings.

 

Cities :

Boston─ it is the most important city in New England. It is historical and cultural centre, where the Pilgrims first settled.

New York─ America´s largest city. It has 5 boroughs: Manhattan,Brooklyn,the Bronx,Queens and Staten Island. It is a city full of skyscrapers and is made up by many islands.  Tourists can see the Statue of Liberty, Wall street, Times Square, Broadway, Central Park, Empire State Building, which was highest building for 40 years, World Trade Centre was higher but was destroyed in a terrorist attack in 2001.

Washington DC it is more territory rather than a state, the land was given by 2 states Maryland and Virginia

Philadelphia─is on of the oldest cities

New Orleans─is home of Jazz music

Chicago─is city on lake Michigan

Dallas─is rich city because of oil- mining

Los Angeles ─ is the 2nd largest city in US,it has big population. Hollywood is the home of the film industry

San Francisco─town known by its famous bridge Golden Gate

 

Sports:

Sports in America play an important part in the lives of Americans. There are 5 popular sports- lacrosse,ice hockey,football,baseball and basketball.






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