Health – maturitná téma (angličtina)


 Téma: Health

 Predmet: Angličtina

 Zaslal(a): anna1



  • The human body is constantly being attacked by many different kinds of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms.
  • Thanks to the progress in medicine and technology we are able to prevent, control and treat many diseases so we can help ourselves to be fit, healthy and what is most important-alive.



  • We can divide them into three categories: common, fatal and mental diseases


Common diseases – flu, cold, migraine, stomach flu, tonsillitis, otitis.

  • The symptoms of these diseases are earaches, runny nose, cough, sore throat, sneezing, fever, high temperature, diarrhea, faint, tiret etc.
  • It should be no problem to treat them with help of our natural defence body system. We should stay calm in bed, try to be warm and drink hot tea and eat vitamins.
  • preventions: healthy lifestyle- regular sleep, healthy diet, physical activity including cold bath
  • Among more serious common illnesses belongs children diseases. It is important to experience them as a child. In adults age it can be more serious and dangerous.


Children diseases includes:

  • Jaundice
  • smallpox and chickenpox– are itching rash and blisters on the whole body. It is important to not scratch them because of scars
  • mumps– the most common symptom of infection is painful swelling of the parotid glands. These symptoms are usually followed by fever, headache, malaise, muscle pain, and loss of appetite.
  • Measles
  • diphtheria
  • whooping cough


My experience: I had only chicken pox and to be honest I don’t remember it, so it was not that terrible, I guess.



Fatal diseases are diseases like tuberculosis, tetanus, AIDS, cancer – leukaemia, heart attack or brain stroke

  • They can be cured in the long term, but they can also be fatal.
  • The Causes of these diseases are different, but it is known that stress is the trigger of most of them.


Mental illness:

Usually appear during life due to traumatic experience, stress, overuse of drugs or alcohol and also the pressure of modern society

  • eating disorders- mental anorexia, bulimia, ortorexi, binge eating
  • schizophrenia
  • anxiety
  • panic attack



Prevention of every illness is:

  • awareness of the body
  • healthy lifestyle including healthy, various diet, physical activity- working out, running, swimming, walking even dancing
  • mental health- meditating, doing what makes us happy


What do I do for my healthy body and mental health?

I think that body health is connected with our mental health. I am trying to have a healthy lifestyle, trying to listen to my body, take rest, workout and eat healthy. I had some psychosomatic problems and so now I am really trying to be mentally fit and to help myself. I found out that for me it is very important to have a morning routine. First thing I do when I wake up is to smile. My favourite motivation video says, that how you start your day is how you end the day, and when you start the day with the right way in the powerful way is going to totally transform everything what you do and experience in your day and in your life and at the same time when you start your day with the wrong way, like most people do, which is pissed off, angry and stressed out, worried and have all negative emotions that fill your body as results it ave and effect on everything you do, it have effect on your body, your health and your life.

So when you smile, represent gratitude, represent OMG I am alive, I celebrate the fact I am alive and I have another day in my life. Another day which I can influence with my mind I have the opportunity to choose between the wrong way and the great way. So everyday I really try to choose the right way and I start with a smile. Every day I take a cold shower, which is good for my immunity system and also for building a strong mind. After that I spend a short time in meditation, journaling, saying affirmation and with a list of my gratitude. For a healthy body is very good physical health, especially now, when I Spend big part of the day sitting in front of a computer. So for me physical activity and eating habits are very important.


Accidents and injuries

  • For example broken bones, sprained ankles, dislocated shoulders, scratches, bruises etc. The causes of these injuries are most often accidents. The symptoms of it are severe pain and sometimes bleeding or bruises.
  • When the injury is serious it is necessary to go to the hospital.


I have two experiences:

  • First was when I was maybe 6yo. I was in the river under the bridge and my friend threw a brick into the river and accidently it hit my head. I had to go to the Hospital where the doctor sewed the wound with 4 stitches. The scar can still be seen on n my forehead.
  • The second experience happened by my stupidity- I had slippery socks on my feet and I jumped from my bed, sliding on the floor and breaking my hand. My father took me to the hospital, they did an X-ray of the hand, finding it was broken and so they put my hand into the plaster.


Going to the GPs

  • People usually go to the doctor if they are ill or they need a regular check-up. In that case the nurse usually measures the blood pressure, weight, height and checks our sight.
  • When we have some problem, illness or pain, the doctor can give us a prescription for treatment. With this we can go to the pharmacy for the medication, and we can also buy there some other treatment such as creams, gels, drops, powder, tablets, vitamins or whatever we need which are available  without prescription.


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